Old Junkers - Aircraft


Junkers aircraft, the once world famous company from Dessau, designed and produced aircraft from mid-WW I until the Nazi rule ended in 1945. Many of the Junkers planes were milestones in the development of flight. The world's first all-metal aircraft was built in Dessau as well as the world's first all-metal passenger aircraft.
On the occasion of the presentation of the newly restored Junkers W 33 "Bremen", D-1167, c/n 2504 the type W 33 was added to this little gallery. The "Bremen" was the first plane to cross the Atlantic in the much more tricky East-West-direction. In spite of a discouraging first attempt which failed on August 14, 1927, the "Bremen" took off again at the Berlin-Tempelhof airfield on March 26, 1928. In Baldonell/Ireland, Freiherr von Hünefeld and Hermann Köhl picked up the Irish Major Fitzmaurice. Because of bad weather, the plane could not start again until April 12, 1928. After more than 36 hours of flying, the plane touched down near the Greenly Island Lighthouse, which is in Labrador. The crew was enthusiastically celebrated in New York and several German cities.
Why was the aircraft named "Bremen"? As you all know, Bremen is a city in northern Germany, and it is anything but close to the Junkers company headquarters in Dessau. In those days, Freiherr von Hünefeld was PR manager of the Norddeutscher Lloyd, a famous German shipping company. They had just baptised their latest ships for the transatlantic route "Bremen" and "Europa". Provided that there were two planes named "Europa" and "Bremen", the Norddeutscher Lloyd was willing to finance the enterprise. And when the first attempt was made in Dessau in 1927, there was a second plane, the D-1197 "Europa", c/n 2505...

Junkers W 33


Photo courtesy of Peter Jenniches

The newly restored Junkers W 33 "Bremen", D-1167, c/n 2504, during presentation in Bremen

Year: 17.6.1926
Length: 10,90 m
Wingspan: 17,70 m
Height: 3,50 m
Engine: Junkers L 5
with: 360 PS
Number of Engines: 1
Top speed: 160 km/h
Range: ~ 6000 km
Usage: Transport
Crew: 2+1
Nickname: Bremen
Armament: none
Weight (empty): 1350 kg
Gross Weight: 3815 kg

Most people have at least heard of the Junkers Ju 52, a passenger aicraft and military transport.

Ju 52/3m

Click here to visit the official Website of the Deutsches Museum!

This French license-built Ju 52, AAC-1 "Toucan", c/n 363
can be admired in the Deutsches Museum, Munich

Courtesy of Deutsches Museum, Munich

Year: 1932
Length: 18,90 m
Wingspan: 29,25 m
Height: 4,51 m
Engine: BMW 132
with: 660 HP
Number of Engines: 3 (that's why /3m)
Top speed: 264 km/h
Range: 1280 km
Usage: Transport
Crew: 3 persons
Nickname: Tante Ju
Armament: various
Weight (empty): 5800 kg
Gross Weight: 10500 kg
Built: ca. 3500

The Junkers Ju 88 was one of the most-built German aircraft of WW II. It served as destroyer, fighter, night-fighter and bomber.

Ju 88 A

This color photograph is actually a Junkers postcard from WW II, and the description on the backside says: "Junkers military aircraft are securing the Mediterranean. Junkers - Ju 88 group at the foot of the Aetna (Sicily)" 

Year: 1936
Length: 14,96 m
Wingspan: 20,08 m
Height: 5,10 m
Engine: Junkers Jumo 211
with: 1420 HP
Number of Engines: 2
Top speed: 498 km/h
Range: 3380 km
Usage: Bomber, Night-Fighter
Crew: 3 persons
Armament: various
Weight (empty): 9000 kg
Gross Weight: 12800 kg
Built: ca. 15000

The Ju 388 L was derived from the Ju 88 family, but never entered service:

Ju 388 L-1

This Junkers Ju 388 L-1, c/n 340 284, was manufactured by ATG.

Year: 1943
Length: 14.87 m
Wingspan: 22.00 m
Height: 4.90 m
Wing Area: 56 m²
Engine: BMW 801 TJ-0
with: 1615 HP
Number of Engines: 2
Top speed: 616 km/h
Range: 2,220 km
Ceiling: 12,800 m
Usage: Reconnaissance
Crew: 3 persons
Nickname: Störtebeker
Armament: 2 MG 131
Weight (empty): 10,000 kg
Gross Weight: 13,700 kg
Built: ~ 100
Ju388Website.gif (52606 Byte) Exclusive - The Ju 388 Page


Ju 90 V1

In this image, the Ju 90 V-1, D-AALU, seems to have just been pulled out of the hangar. At the left edge, part of a caterpillar tractor is visible.

Year: 1937
Length: 26,45 m
Wingspan: 35,27 m
Height: 6,65 m
Engine: DB 600 A
with: 1000 HP
Number of Engines: 4
Top speed: 350 km/h
Range: 1000 km
Usage: airliner
Armament: none
Weight (empty):  
Gross Weight:  
Built: 1


Ju 90 (series)

The Ju 90 WNr. 0009, BJ+OV ex D-AJHB "Thüringen" is refuelled at Athens-Tatoi airport for an  Iraq mission. Note that the spinner on the left starboard engine is missing.

Year: 1937
Length: 26,45 m
Wingspan: 35,27 m
Height: 6,65 m
Engine: BMW 132
with: 830 HP
Number of Engines: 4
Top speed: 350 km/h
Range: ~ 1500 km
Usage: airliner
Armament: none
Weight (empty):  
Gross Weight:  
Built: 10


The Junkers Ju 290 was conceived as transport and also used as reconnaissance plane:

Ju 290 A-5

Year: 1942
Length: 28,50 m
Wingspan: 42,00 m
Height: 6,90 m
Engine: BMW 801 D
with: 1800 HP
Number of Engines: 4
Top speed: 455 km/h
Range: 6760 km
Usage: Reconnaissance
Crew: 6 persons
Nickname: Seeadler (Sea Eagle)
Armament: 3 MG 151/20, 2 MG 81
Weight (empty): 24085 kg
Gross Weight: 41305 kg
Built: 46

Further images of the Ju 290...


© 13.09.2005 by Christoph Vernaleken. This article may not be published - as whole or in excerpts - in any form without written permission of the author